Nowadays, everyone is used to hearing about fake news. Many are harmless, others are funny… but when it comes to health, they are no longer fun.
This “broken telephone game” is so serious that in 2018, the Ministry of Health provided a phone number for the free and official checking of possible fake news circulating on the media.
Although they are not the only cause of the disease – the onset of tumors may not depend on external factors – bad habits contribute to the onset of cancer: about 40% of cases could be avoided with habit change.
Vaccination: men and women should be sure to take all doses of Hepatitis B vaccines and against the HPV virus – the leading cause of liver cancer and cervical cancer, respectively.
Smoking: there are no safe levels for this kind of habit.
Alcohol: increases the chances of developing various types of cancer.
Unprotected sex: in unprotected sexual intercourse, it is possible to contract viruses such as Hepatitis C, which is related to cancer.
Anabolic steroids: the use of this type of substance may increase the risk of liver cancer.
Manicure and tattoos: The lack of sterilization of instruments can cause contamination with hepatitis.
Vaccination: from the age of 9, they should take the Hepatitis B vaccine, which can prevent liver cancer, and against the HPV virus (Human Papillomavirus), one of the most important risk factors for developing cervical cancer.
Smoking: in addition to most people start smoking during their teenage years, living with smokers increases the risk of developing lung cancer.
Sun exposure: always wear sunscreen, avoiding the period between 10am and 4pm.
Food and physical activity: prioritize fruits, vegetables, leafy greens and whole foods, avoiding sausages, saturated fats and ultra-processed foods. Keeping an exercise or sports routine is also fundamental.
Some signs may suggest the development of the disease and deserve the attention from the one who most understands the subject: your doctor. And the sooner, the better! After all, 90% of tumors detected early have a chance of cure.
Pap Smear: should be part of women’s gynecological routine.
X-Rays and CT Scans
Biopsies: categorize possible tumors.
Genetic Evaluation: it is estimated that 1 in 10 cases of the disease presents hereditary behavior, and today it is already possible to identify mutations in the human genome that predispose to cancer.
Loss of blood in urine or feces
Swelling of any part of the body
Massive weight loss
The main methods of cancer treatment are surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and target therapy. They are chosen by the doctor according to the profile of each type and stage of the disease:
When the treatment method of choice is surgery, accuracy is determinant for success. Da Vinci is a revolutionary robotic system that allows the control of the robot’s arms to precisely and safely command the clamps during the surgical procedure.
In parallel, high definition cameras allow wide visualization of the organs and structures to be addressed. With this, it is possible to perform more difficult removals in a less traumatic way.
Radiosurgery is not a new treatment, but thanks to CyberKnife, it has become even more resolute. Exclusive of Rede D’Or Star in Brazil, it has its linear accelerator connected to a robotic arm, and it is used to treat injuries in the skull, as well as in other regions of difficult access.
The equipment allows the application of radiation from more diversified angles and to monitor the tumor position in real time, bringing more precision to the treatment.
Thus, CyberKnife is able to better preserve healthy tissues around the tumor, reducing side effects and making treatment time shorter.
Considered by some doctors as the main advancement already achieved against cancer, it is a type of treatment that, with the use of medication, allows the patient’s body to be able to combat cancer on its own.
Not all types of cancer can be treated with immunotherapy, but patients with bladder, kidney, lung cancer, leukemia, head and neck cancers, melanomas and Hodgkin’s lymphomas already benefit from this advance.
Those who treat better are those who treat the most
Thanks to professionals acting in different fronts, it is possible to tackle cancer the best way possible. Whether to prevent, detect or treat, your doctor is the one who will tell you. It’s time to consider your doctor a major partner.
Consult your doctor regularly.
But only your doctor.
Dr. Rafael de Castro Penalva Vita
CRM (Regional Medical Board): 11872 BA